While scouring newspaper archives I ran into this article and thought it was worth posting.
|Sacramento Daily Union, Saturday, July 19, 1862, page 8|
It will be remembered that a few weeks ago, a slave named Edmund was arrested as a fugitive on board an upward bound steamer by officer Gilchrist, and placed in jail, in this city, it being the object of the policeman to return the negro to his master, who resides in Tennessee. It appears that the negro, who had been permitted by his master to work on the rebel fortifications at Fort Donelson, had been seized by the Federal army, and that he had been turned over to Captain Leland of New York, a member of General Grant's staff. At the time of his arrest, the negro was on his way to New York, and was traveling under a pass from General Grant. A short time after the negro's arrest, Captain Leland appeared and commenced proceeding in the United States Court, Judge Ballard, for the negro's release. The evidence was heard a few days since, his Honor Judge Ballard withholding his decision until yesterday, when he decided, in effect, that the negro is no longer the property of his master, the master having forfeited the right of property in the slave when he permitted him to be used in aid of the rebellion. The negro was accordingly released. ---Louisville Journal, June 25th.